Hogeschool van Amsterdam

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The influence of torque and velocity on erector spinae muscle fatigue and its relationship to changes of electromyogram spectrum density

Abstract: The influence of contraction force and velocity during isokinetic contractions on the development of fatigue in the erector spinae muscle was studied. Seven male subjects performed a series of 250 contractions at 25% and 50% of their isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) at 40 and 80°·s−1. Fatigue defined as a decrease of the contractile capacity of the muscles was studied by means of a 15-s maximal test-contraction following the exercise. Both the initial force and the force decrement during the test-contraction were studied.

Surface electromyogram (EMG) signals of the main tracts of the erector spinae muscle were recorded. The frequency content was studied by calculating the zero-crossing rate for the signals obtained during dynamic contractions and by means of fast Fourier transformation for the test contraction.

After the 50% MVC dynamic contractions the initial force during the postexercise test-contraction was significantly lower than after the 25% MVC contractions. No significant influence of contraction velocity on fatigue development was found. The force decrement during the test-contraction did not depend on the experimental conditions. The EMG amplitude indicated that the subjects were better able to relax their muscles during the counter movement (flexion) at high forces and high velocities compared to the other experimental conditions. The frequency content of the EMG signals during the dynamic contractions and the postexercise test-contraction showed only very weak relationships with fatigue. Therefore, spectrum EMG parameters as determined in the present study do not seem suitable as indicators of muscle fatigue as a consequence of dynamic contractions of trunk extensor muscles.

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Referentie

Dieën, J. H. v., Böke, B., Oosterhuis, W., & Toussaint, H. M. 'The influence of torque and velocity on erector spinae muscle fatigue and its relationship to changes of electromyogram spectrum density'. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, 72, 310-315, 1996.

Gepubliceerd door  Kenniscentrum Bewegen, Sport en Voeding 1 september 1996

Publicatiedatum

sep 1996

Auteur(s)

Lector Huub Toussaint