Hogeschool van Amsterdam

Urban Vitality

Dissociated oxygen-uptake response to an incremental intermittent repetitive lifting and lowering exercise in humans


Abstract: Five subjects performed a maximal exercise test of repetitive lifting and lowering, with a discontinuous protocol of incremental exercise (3 min) and relative rest (2 min). Exercise periods consisted of repetitive lifting and repetitive lifting and lowering at increasing movement frequencies. Relative rest periods consisted of ergometer cycling at a constant, low power output.

An unexpected, dissociated, response of cardiovascular and pulmonary parameters was found: during relative rest, values for oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide production, pulmonary ventilation and tidal volume were significantly higher than during the preceding exercise periods, though exercise intensity was much lower.

To our knowledge, such a response has not been reported in previous studies. Since the response could not be attributed to methodological or technical factors, it is hypothesized that the type of exercise itself impeded the optimal performance of the oxygen transporting system.

The function of the pulmonary system could have been influenced by a high intra-abdominal pressure, the involvement of respiratory muscles in stabilizing trunk and head, a flexed trunk posture and the entrainment of respiratory frequency with movement frequency. More likely, the function of the cardiovascular system was hindered by a high blood pressure and high intramuscular pressures. Since this response occurred at low exercise intensities, optimal functioning of the cardiovascular and pulmonary system during daily activities of repetitive lifting and lowering could similarly be impeded. The hypotheses put forward could also explain the lower peak oxygen uptake reported during repetitive lifting, compared to running and cycling.


Commissaris, D. A. C. M., & Toussaint, H. M. 'Dissociated oxygen-uptake response to an incremental intermittent repetitive lifting and lowering exercise in humans'. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 74(3), 264-273, 1996.

Gepubliceerd door  Kenniscentrum Bewegen, Sport en Voeding 1 maart 1996


mrt 1996


Lector Huub Toussaint