Final report - Oslo Operational Pilot

Vulkan Car Parking, Oslo, Norway


The Vulkan real estate site in Oslo is owned by Aspelin Ramm, and includes one of the largest parking garages used for EV charging in Europe. EV charging (both AC and DC) is managed for now predominately for costs reasons but also with relevance at further EV penetration level in this car parking location (mixed EV and ICE vehicles). This neighbourhood scale SEEV4-City operational pilot (OP) has 50  22 kW flexible AC chargers with two sockets each and two DC chargers of 50 kW with both ChaDeMo and CCS outlets. All EV chargers now have a smart control (SC) and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) functionality (though the latter may not be in place fully for DC chargers, as they may not be fully connected to the remote back-office system of the EV charging systems operator). A Lithium-ion Battery Energy Stationary Storage System (BESS) with a capacity of 50 kWh is pre-programmed to reduce the energy power peaks of the electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure and charges at other times from the central grid (which has a generation mix of 98% from hydro-electric power, and in the region covering Oslo also 1% from wind). The inverter used in the BESS is rated at 50 kW, and is also controlled to perform phase balancing of the 3-phase supply system.

Reference Dai, X., Kotter, R., Putrus, G., Wang, Y., Das, R., Bentley, E., Marzband, M., van der Hoogt, J., Portvik, S., Jablonska, B., Warmerdam, J., Herteleer, B., & van Bergen, E. (2020). Final report - Oslo Operational Pilot: Vulkan Car Parking, Oslo, Norway. Interreg, North Sea Region.
Published by  Kenniscentrum Techniek 29 July 2020

Publication date

Jul 2020


Xuewu Dai
Richard Kotter
Ghanim Putrus
Yue Wang
Ridoy Das
Edward Bentley
Mousa Marzband
Jorden van der Hoogt
Sture Portvik
Bronia Jablonska
Bert Herteleer
Esther van Bergen


Research database